The Explanation of Guidance Torch on jurisprudence injunctions and its secrets

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This book is one of the Hakim Molla Hadi Ibn Mahdi Sabzewari’s works and writings. Hakim Sabzewari has explained this book which is about jurisprudence. “Guidance Torch “(Nebräs Al-Hoda) is a Manzumah in worship’s secrets and mysteries. Two another Manzumah by the name of “Al-Meqyäs Fi Al-Feqh” and “Asrär Al-Ebäde” that in fact are the same Torch Explanation of Manzumah, which in Al-Zari’e and other bibliographies has been discussed in this field, the result of all are the one and ended to the Torch Explanation of Manzumah. This ####book has been written in Arabic.

The author’s biography:
Molla Hadi the son of Mahdi the son of Haj Mirzä Hadi the son of Mirzä Mahdi the son of Mohammad Sadegh Sabzeväri was born in Sabzevär in 1797A.D. (1212A.H.). He is one of the greatest philosophers and “Mysticisms” (Gnosticisms) of thirteen century A.H. and one of the most famous students and describers of Sadräi’s philosophy. At the age of seven he lost his father. At the age of ten for studying, he went to the Mashhad and lived there about 10 years. The fame of Isfahan scholars caused him for the studying of “Mysticism” (Gnosticism) and philosophy go to the Isfahan. He lived in Isfahan about 7 years, then returned to the Mashhad and began teaching in Haj Hassan school, then was departed for “House of God” (Mecca). In returning about 2 or 3 years compulsory lived in Kermän and began the “training of the soul”(tarbiyat nafs) and “ascetic discipline” (riyäzat). All the time that he was there, he helped the servant of school and theological students then married with the servant of school’s daughter and went to the Sabzewär. Near 40 years, without even leaving that city, he lived there and began studying, researching, teaching, compiling, worshiping, “ascetic discipline of the soul” (riyäzat nafs) and training the students. He died in Sabzevär in the afternoon of 1872A.D. (1289A.H.). His tomb is in the gate of Nishapur of Sabzevär (is known as a Zand crossroads). Häj Mollä Hadi Sabzeväri in poem used a nem de plume to secrets.
Masters:
- Haj Mollä Mohsen Sabzeväri
- Äghä Mohammad Ali Najafi
- Häj Mohammad Ibrahim Kalbasi, etc.
Students:
- Äkhoond Mollä Mohammad Sabzeväri
- Kazem Khuräsäni
- Haj Fäzel
- Adib Niyshäpuri, etc.
works:
- “Asrär Al-Hekam”(the secrets of wisdom).
- “Sharhe Masnavi” (explanation of Masnavi).
- Al-Räh Wal-Faraj
- Explanation of Al-subä “supplication”(do’ä).
- Explanation of the “names”(Al-Asmä), etc.

The book structure:
-the author’s preface:

*About “purity” (tahärt):
-on number of impurities
-on number of purities
-on rules of evacuate (bowel movement),
-on kinds of purities
-on elements of “ghosl” (full [ritical] ablution),

*About the dead people’s injunctions
-the injunctions of “agony of death” (ehtezär),
- on dead person’s “ghosl” (full [ritual] ablution),
- on enshrouding
-on burial
-on “tayammom” (ablution with earth or sand instead of water),
-on the quality of “tayammom” (ablution with earth or sand instead of water),

* About “namäz” (prayer),
-on number of blessing” (salavät),
-on units or rukäs of daily prayer
-on number of supererogatory’s daily prayer
-on the time of “blessing” (salavät),
-on qiblah
-on worshipper’s dress
-on worshipper’s place
-on Izän” (call to prayer) and ”Iqäme” (the second call to prayer), etc.

*About namaz or prayer’s “subsidiary rules” (moqärenät),
-on standing in “parayer” (namaz),
-on intention in prayer
-on “takbiratol haram” (recitation of “Allah is great” in the beginning of prayer),
-on “reciting” (qrä’at),
-on genuflection
-on prostration
-on Qunoot
-on testimony
-the injunctions of doubt in prayer

*About “alms” (zakät):
-on the elements of “alms” (zakät),
-on the things which including the alms(means need the alms),
-on the conditions of alms
-on “zakat Al-Fitr” (means alms as prescribed by Islam or charity given to the poor at the end of the fasting in the Islamic holy month of Ramadan), etc

*About fasting:
-on defining the fasting, its kinds and injunctions
-on atonement of fasting
-on kinds of compulsory fasting
-on “desirable or preferable” (mostahab) fasting, etc

*About Hajj:
-on walking and riding Hajj
-on the conditions of Hajj’s necessity
-on the kinds of Hajj
-on the acts of “Ifräd” Hajj
-on Ihram for Hajj, etc
-on “Tawäf” (the act of walking around Kaaba or ceremonial circumambulation of kaaba),
-on “Sa’i” (walking between two famous mountain of Safa and Marwah),
-on “Taqsir”, (meaning a cutting of the hair),
-Hajj (Hajj Tamathu),
-on the rituals of “Mina”.

*About marriage:
-on the injunctions of marriage
-on marriage sermon
-on the rules of marriage and its “undesirable deeds” (makruhät),
-on the things which makes the marriage unlawful
-on marriage with the female slaves
-on the things which cancel the marriage
-on the injunctions of newborn’s birth
-on expenses of woman in marriage
This book has been published by Bidär publishers in Qom in 1960 A.D. (1380A.H.). Its research has been done by Mohsen Bidar.

Sources

The Explanation of Guidance Torch on jurisprudence injunctions and its secrets (Sharhe Nebräs Al-Hodä Fi Ahkäm Al-Feqh wa Asrärahä by Mulla Hadi Sabzevwari

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