Eschatology

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This book is one of the Allam Tehrani’s valuable works. It includes 75 “chapter” (majles) about the Man’s journey and movement in the world, “world of cheating” (älame ghorur), the way of changing the “cheating world” to the realities and actualities world, his departure toward the God and end of all ends. This corpus includes 10 volumes which all of them have been printed. In this book has been comprehensively stated the subjects with using the Quran verses, innocent ones news, rational, philosophical reason, tasting and mystical subjects such as: material world, purgatory, the ####way of spirits relationship at there with this worlds- the quality of angels’ creation and their duties- blast of the Trumpet, all creatures’ die and then the revived aspect of all of them, Man’s raising in presence of God, the world of “assembling” (hashr), reckoning, punishment and showing the record of deeds, questioning, balance, path, intercession, “Aräf” (retaining wall between the Hell and paradise), paradise and Hell.

Author’s brief biography:
Allameh Ayatollah Seyyed Muhammad Hossein Hosseini Tehrani, the great scholar, "jurisconsult"(faghih), Gnostic of the 15 century (15 A.H.), son of Ayatollah Seyyed Muhammad Sädegh Tehrani, was born in Tehran in 1926/10/4 (1345/1/24A.H.). In his childhood, he was trained under the supervision of his father. He finished the elementary education then the secondary education in the field of mechanics and machine-tool manufacture. Then because of interesting in religion lessons, chose Theology sciences and at the age of nineteen (after wearing the clergymen dress) went to the “Qom”. In the same early years, he got one of the first students of the late Allämeh Tabatabi (the owner of “Almizan” commentary) and in the commentary, philosophy and "practical mysticism" he got an elite of his followers. About 7 years, at the different levels of scientific, he had profited from great masters, then for completing his education, at the age of 26, he went to “Iraq” and dwelled in “Najaf”. He studied "jurisprudence"(figh), "methodology"(osool), "tradition"(Hadith) and Rejal lessons in the presence of outstanding scholars such as Ayatollah Sheikh Hossein Helli, Seyyed Abolghasem Khoei, Seyyed Muhammad Shahrudi, Aghä Bozorg Tehrani. [REJAL: is a science that studying the biographies of the transmitters of Hadith]. In this time, according to the Allämeh Tabatabai’s view and recommendation about "mystic journey" (solooki) and Gnostic issues, socialized with Ayatollah Häj Sheikh Abbas Ghuchani, the executor of the late Ayatollah Ghäzi and Ayatollah Seyyed Jamallol din Golpayegani, and in continuation of this path, he got acquainted with Ayatollah Häj Sheikh Muhammd Javad Ansari Hamedani and finally went to great Gnostic, the late Häj Seyyed Hashem Mosa Hadäd. In fixing his "practical mysticism" bases, he made a lot of attempts and efforts. He constantly profited from Imam Ali’s blessings and Imam Hossein’s favours. After finishing higher education and reaching to the outward virtues and inward perfections, for the sake of performance of duty, propagation and development of science and religion, at the age of thirty three, he returned to Tehran, in 1958 A.D(1377A.H.). After passing away of Ayatollah Burujerdy and the royalist incitements of Pahlavi government, he helped the revolution late leader (Ayatollah Khomeni) and also had effective activity. The great Allameh, after 23 years effort and dwelling in Tehran, in the year of 1910 A.D (1400A.H.) went to “Mashhad” and lived there in the last15 years of his life. He passed away in July 1995A.D.(1416/2A.H.).

The book structure:
*The first volume: 305 pages; The situation of publishing: (Mahshad, Quran Malakut Noor publishers, 2001A.D. (1422A.H.):

-“chapter” (majles) 1: realities and “unreal subjects”(etebäriyät),
-chapter 2: temporary life and eternal life
-chapter 3: the cause of fearing of death
-chapter 4: life, the best capital of evolution and loftiness
-chapter 5: similarity of sleep and death
-chapter 6: the act of seizure the sprits’ angels and the angel of death is like the God’s act
-chapter 7: seizure of the spirit and observations in the death time is internal

*The second volume: 349 pages: The situation of publishing: (Tehran, Hekmat publishers, 1981A.D. (1360S.H.):
-chapter 8: salvation is in faith to God (on the basis of free will) and following the religion injunctions (on the basis of obedience),
-chapter 9: saints of God do not have fear, grief and the throes of death
-chapter 10: joining of the believers to the saints of God and the deniers to the Satan’s followers
-chapter 11: difference of world, imaginal world and the world of resurrection
-chapter 12: difference of world, purgatory and resurrection world
-chapter 13: in purgatory, the crossroads of happiness and wretchedness is turning uninterruptedly
-chapter 14: Man’s manifestation in purgatory is in the form of “spiritually”(malakuti),

*The third volume: The situation of publishing; (Mashhad, Allame Tabatabai publishers, 2000A.D. [1421A.H.]); 316 pages
-chapter 15: the accompany of imaginal creatures’ observation and world of multiplicity’s oblivion
-chapter 16- the hope of forgiveness for “oppressed people” (mostaza’fin) who do not access to the realities
-chapter 17: the quality of purgatory relationship with the world and grave
-chapter 18: spirits’ relationship with the worldly people
-chapter 19: togetherness aspect of Man’s purgatorial “dominion” (malakut) with him in purgatory

*The fourth volume: the situation of publishing: (Mashhad, Allame Tabatabai’s publishers, 2000A.D. [1420A.H.]); 316 pages:
-chapter 20: the signs of resurrection appearance
-chapter 21: the signs of resurrection
-chapter 22: blast of the Trumpet and resurrecting of the dead people
-chapter 23: the purpose of dead people’s resurrected by the Trumpet and those (who are) exception
-chapter 24: those who do not die by the blast of the Trumpet are the “purified ones” (mukhlesin),
-chapter 25: prophets and Imams achieve to the God’s most Beautiful Names
-chapter 26: the meaning of “God’s Face” (vajh Allah).

*The fifth volume: 334 pages; The situation of publishing: (Tehran, Hekmat publishers, 1984A.D. [1404A.H.):
-chapter 27: on outset of resurrection, the creatures are presented in the presence of God
-chapter 28: secrecy, is the aspect of people’s face (vajh Al-khalghi) and appearance, is the aspect of God’s Face in the resurrection
-chapter 29: resurrection is the returning to the God and intuition of God’s Face
-chapter 30: resurrection is not in the parallel of the world, but it includes it
-chapter 31: resurrection is the world of light, illumination and appearance of realities
-chapter 32: in resurrection, while (is) light and illumination, the unbelievers are debarred
-chapter 33: Man’s raising in prance of God
-chapter 34: rejecting the resurrection by Naturalists is not based on scientific principles (Naturalists means the deniers of resurrection).

*The sixth volume: 292 pages; The situation of publishing: (Tehran, Hekmat publishers, 1984A.D.[1404A.H.]),
-chapter 35: resurrection is inevitable and “resurrecting” (reviving) is by the name of “the Life-giver” (Al-Muhyiy),
-chapter 36: rainfall of life rain, for dead people’s life
-chapter 37: thingness of the things is to its form not to (its) material
-chapter 38: on dispelling the doubts of bodily resurrection
-chapter 39: dispelling the doubt of bodily resurrection and explaining the truth
-chapter 40: elemental bodily resurrection, the world of “accident” (araz) and assembling of all creatures
-chapter 41: spreading book of actions and the quality of records of deeds

*The seventh volume: 322 pages; the situation of publishing; (Tehran, Hekmat publisher), 1984A.D. [1404A.H.]),
-chapter 42: the records of deeds and getting it from right or left hand
-chapter 43: manifest Imam, book of creation and record of deeds’ copy
-chapter 44: testimony to deeds, witnesses and their conditions
-chapter 45: the testimony’s condition is the scientific surrounding on secrets
-chapter 46: angels’ testimony on Man in resurrection day
-chapter 47: testimony of limbs and members in resurrection
-chapter 48: testimony of time and place in resurrection
-chapter 49: testimony of deeds and Quran in resurrection
-chapter 50: meaning of Quran’s testimony and other deeds in resurrection

*The eighth volume: 375 pages; the situation of publishing: (Tehran, Hekmat publishers, 1986A.D. (1406a.H.),
-chapter 51: on path and its meaning in resurrection day
-chapter 52: on reality of path and its high instance monopoly to the Imam Ali (p.b.u.h.),
-chapter 53: the way of Hell and way toward the heaven
-chapter 54: the reality of criterion or measure of actions in resurrection Day
-chapter 55: the criterion or measure of action, are prophets and Imams
-chapter 56: in quality of resurrection Day’s reckoning
-chapter 57: the difference of people’s classes in easiness of reckoning
-chapter 58: generality of questioning and reckoning for all people

*The ninth volume: the situation of publishing; (Tehran, Hekmat publishers, 1987A.D. [1407A.H.]); 452 pages:
-chapter 59: generality of resurrection for all earthly and celestial creatures
-chapter 60: intercession and its general issues
-chapter 61: intercessors in the Day of resurrection
-chapter 62: categories of intercessors in Day of resurrection
-chapter 63: those who are interceded
-chapter 64: the reality of intercession and its proving
-chapter 65: “pulpit”(minbar), means and the Hamd’s banner, belong to the messenger of God and his descendants
-chapter 66: cupbearer of Kosar pool and heaven creeks

*The tenth volume: 411pages; the situation of publishing; (Tehran, Hekamt publishers, 1987A.D.[1407A.H.],
-chapter 67: “Aräf “(the place between the Hell and paradise) and its people
-chapter 68: paradise and assigning its place
-chapter 69: paradise is the place of purified Ones
-chapter 70: paradise’s degrees and its blessings
-chapter 71: Hell and the origin of its appearance
-chapter 72: people in the Fire and its descending (lowest) degrees
-chapter 73: Hell’s characteristics and effects
-chapter 74: the reality of Hell is veil and remoteness from God’s Mercy
-chapter 75: immortality and living immortally in paradise and Hell.

Sources

Eschatology by Allame Tehrani

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