Explanation of the Dawn Prayer

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This is the name of the book by Ayatollah Komeini (the former supreme leader of Iran); in Arabic and written at his 27 years of age. This mystic book is his first work. It is translated into P[ersian by “Seyyed Ahmad Fahri”.

The author
Seyyed Ruhollah Moosavi Khomeini, (24 September 1900 – 3 June 1989) was an Iranian religious leader and politician, and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. ####Following the revolution and a national referendum, Khomeini became the country's Supreme Leader—a position created in the constitution as the highest ranking political and religious authority of the nation—until his death. Khomeini was a marja ("source of emulation", also known as a Grand Ayatollah) in Twelver Shi'a Islam, but is most famous for his political role. In his writings and preachings he expanded the Shi'a Usuli theory of velayat-e faqih, the "guardianship of the jurisconsult (clerical authority)" to include theocratic political rule by Islamic jurists. In the Muslim world abroad he was described as the "virtual face in Western popular culture of Islam," known for his support of the hostage takers during the Iranian hostage crisis. Khomeini has been referred to as a "charismatic leader of immense popularity," considered a "champion of Islamic revival" by Shia scholars.

Structure of the book
- The rules of prayer
- On the reason of repetition of the phrase, “the Merci-giving, the Merciful” in the Koranic chapter “the Opening” (Hamd)
- The divine book
- Extent of God’s compassion
- The meaning of God’s compassion
- Descend of the Koran, from Mullah Sadra’s viewpoint
- Importance of the Quran and Sunna (the deeds and words of the Holy Prophet)
- The secret of prostrating the angels upon Adam the Prophet (as a sign of respect)
- Temporality and eternity
- The Great Name of God (Esm-e A’zam) and its different kinds
- The Koranic verses which contain the Great Name of God
- The mystic meaning of the Koranic letters

Sources

Explanation of the Dawn Prayer

Keywords


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