Eastern studies on theology and natural sciences

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The present book is one of the great works of the pre-eminent philosopher “Fakh Razi”.
It is written in Arabic on the science of discourse and religious principles.
The author explains the most essential issues of natural sciences and also those of the heavens.

The author

Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Umar Ibn Hossein Tabaristani Razi, also known as "Imam Fakhr", Ibn al –Khatib" ,"Fakhr Razi" and also "Imam al- Mushakkekin" (because he doubted about most of the philosophical subjects), a famous Iranian Sunni theologian and philosopher. He was born in 1149 in Ray –Iran and died in 1209.

He studied jurisprudence and Kalam and other Islamic sciences under his father and then studied under Majduddin Jili.
He wrote on medicine, astrology, physics, literature, history and law.
Fakhr Razi was from "Shafi'i" of Islamic law.

Razi's most major work is "The keys to the unknown" (his exegesis on the Quran) and his most important philosophical work is "Eastern discussions".

Other works:
- Eastern studies in metaphysics and physics
 The harvest thought of the ancients and moderns-
 Book on the soul and the spirit and their faculties-
 Commentary on the "Isharat" of Ibn Sina-
- A commentary on "Major rules in medicines" of Ibn Sina, etc

 

The book structure

It is complied in 2 volumes.
The 1st volume:

1- The general matters
2-Existence
3- Essence
4- Plurality and singularity
5-Necessity, possibility and abstention
6-Precedence and formation
7-The rules of essences and accidents
8-The quantity of soul
9- The quantity of soul
10- The causes and the effects
11- Motion and time

The 2nd volume

1- Essence
2-Bodies
3-The essence aspect of bodies
4- Soul
5- The outward feelings
6-The inward feelings
7- Celibacy of human soul
8- The state of soul after separating from body
9-Heavenly soul
10- Proof of the Necessary Being
11-The number of Gods Attributes
12- Prophecy

 

Sources

Eastern studies on theology and natural sciences

Keywords


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